American Hazelnut Corylus americana
If you like unusual seed capsules, the American Hazelnut is for you. With a shrubby growth habit, the hazelnut works well in landscaping. Preferring full sun, it is a medium to fast growing species, obtaining 10 to 15 feet in height and width. Although it can be trained to take on the form of a small tree, it is typically a multi-stemmed clump.
Catkin-type flowers appear in spring and edible nuts mature in September/October. It is best planted in multiples to ensure cross-pollination. Nuts are encased in an unusual, sculptural capsule and are enjoyed by wildlife of all kinds – squirrels, deer, birds, turkeys to name a few.
The hazelnut adapts well to a range of environments, but does best on well-drained loams with full sun.
Photos courtesy of Leslie and Paul Demmert
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